chlorine properties and uses


Chlorine is the 2 nd lightest element in the halogen group of the periodic table with an atomic mass of 35. Chemical properties of chlorine - definition. Physical properties of chlorine - definition It is greenish yellow gas with pungent and suffocating odour. It is a very reactive element and reacts readily with the electropositive element to make chlorides. A copy of the The Facts About Chlorine (Technical Information) is available in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF, 63 KB, 3pg.). Just In Time Disaster Training Library – http://www.jitdt.org This video is part of the Just In Time Disaster Training Library. Chlorine its Properties and Oxoacids of Chlorine is all about properties, preparations and uses of Chlorine and hydrochloric acid 1. Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and atomic number 17. Chlorine is a very irritating and greenish-yellow gas. Properties . Water. Chlorine chemistry helps keep drinking water and swimming pools safe. Chlorine is highly reactive. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. The Sumitomo Chemical Chlorine Production Process Aiming at an environmentally friendly process, Sum-itomo Chemical developed a fixed bed process, which as a catalytic oxidation method, uses a RuO 2/rutile-type TiO catalyst.10) Since the RuO2/TiO2 (rutile) catalyst has a higher activity than conventional catalysts and a sufficient re- Chlorine … Chlorine, bromine and iodine are the three common Group 7 elements. Chlorine occurs in nature mainly as common salt (NaCl), carnallite [ KMgCl 2.6(H 2 0) ], and sylvite (KCl). It is prepared commercially by passing electricity through a water solution of sodium chloride or through molten sodium chloride. It has an atomic mass of 35.453 g.mol-1 and a density of 3.2 g/L. Chlorine is commonly used as an antiseptic and is used to make drinking water safe and to treat swimming pools. Chlorine gas has numerous uses in our everyday lives. It is yellowish green in color and has a pungent odor, which makes it smell like bleach. Its atomic weight is 35.453. The Chloride ion is present in the body fluids of higher animals and as hydrochloric acid in the digestive secretions of the stomach. ClF 3 is also used in nuclear reactor fuel processing. ), hence, you can easily find this in your kitchen. Properties Physical properties. Chlorine is a gas found in the halogen group and it has a number of interesting properties and uses. Properties and uses of chlorine. Chlorine. Characteristics and Properties Under standard conditions chlorine is a gas that forms diatomic molecules. It can be made into a liquid when cooled. Chlorine, element No. Here are some of the common uses of chlorine in the world today. Resources. In its liquid and solid form it is a powerful bleaching, oxidizing and disinfecting agent. Compounds of chlorine. It consists of two stable isotopes, of mass numbers 35 and 37. The main difference between chloroform and chlorine is that chloroform exists as a liquid at room temperature and has a heavy, ether-like odor and a sweet taste whereas chlorine exists as a yellowy-green gas and has a chocking smell. Preparation properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid. It is about 2.5 times heavier than air. 17 on the Periodic Table of Elements, has multiple applications. Because of its reactivity and bonding characteristics, chlorine has become an essential chemical building block, leading to a myriad of materials that are used to make the products we use every day for public health, safety, nutrition, security, transportation, lifestyle and high-tech innovation. It is toxic. Chlorine chemistry helps keep families healthy and improves our environment:. The Facts About Chlorine Technical Information. Chlorine is used for producing safe drinking water. Under the normal conditions, it gaseous and is heavier than the air. We elaborate the uses of chlorine and atomic properties with characteristics. Chlorine Trifluoride is … Chlorine will react violently with many different chemicals and materials. Properties, sources and uses of the element chlorine. Chlorine gas is greenish yellow, has a very strong odor (it smells like bleach), and is poisonous to humans. Chlorine gas has many physical and chemical properties, including: Its atomic number is 17. Highly concentrated chlorine gas in a flask. Large amounts of chlorine are used in many industrial processes, such as in the production of paper products, plastics, dyes, textiles, medicines, … Chlorine gas is prepared industrially by the electrolysis of sodium chloride solutions. It has a strong smell like bleach. Chlorine is a greenish-yellow chemical element with an atomic number 17. Chlorine gas is a greenish yellow. Chlorine. High concentrations of chlorine gas can be fatal. The reaction is as below.H 2 O + Cl 2 → HCl + HClO ; Uses of Chlorine gas – Cl 2 Over 200 years ago, a young Swedish researcher, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, discovered chlorine. Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and the atomic number 17. Polytetrafluoroethylene or PTFE is the commonly used versatile, high-performance fluoropolymer made up for carbon and fluorine atoms. Chlorine often imparts many desired properties in an organic compound when it is substituted for hydrogen (synthetic rubber), so it is widely use in organic chemistry, in the production of chlorates, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and in the bromine extraction. To convert uranium into gaseous hexafluoride uranium, Chlorine Trifluoride is used. Chlorine Facts. One of the common applications of this polymer is non-stick coating in kitchen cookware (pans, baking trays etc. Chlorine gas is produced via the electrolysis of a sodium chloride solution, which yields a caustic soda known as sodium hydroxide along with hydrogen gas. Example: Chlorine has two isotopes 35 Cl and 37 Cl, with relative abundance of 75% and 25% respectively. It can be liquefied easily into greenish yellow liquid which boils at 239 K. Chlorine Properties. Each of the above reactions uses up the chlorine in the water and produces either chloride ions or hydrochloric acid, which have no disinfecting properties. Read on to for many more interesting chlorine facts. Chlorine: Its Manufacture, Properties and Uses Issue 154 of American Chemical Society. The total amount of chlorine which is used up in reactions with compounds and destroying pathogens in the water is known as the chlorine demand. Chlorine will react with many metals, especially at elevated temperatures. It … Properties And Uses Of Chlorine Because it is so reactive, chlorine is never found alone-chemically uncombined—in nature. Chemical properties. Chloramines are part of the group of chlorine compounds that have disinfectant properties and show up as part of chlorine residue test. History of chlorine. Uses & Benefits. It is heavier than air. Chlorine is the non-metallic chemical element of atomic number 17, symbol Cl, atomic weight 35.45, melting point – 149.8 ° F (– 101 ° C), and boiling point – 29.02 ° F(– 33.9 ° C). Enjoy a wide range of chlorine facts for kids. Uses of Chlorine. Note to reader: This fact sheet is intended to provide general awareness and education on a specific chemical agent. Brenntag North America is a top chlorine gas distributor for industrial and manufacturing applications. Chlorine is also used for the manufacture of chlorates and it is important in organic chemistry, forming compounds such as chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, polyvinyl chloride, and synthetic rubber. Chlorine is used (generally a particular compound of chlorine) to kill bacteria in drinking water and swimming pools. Properties and Uses of Chlorine Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Properties: Chlorine has a melting point of -100.98°C, boiling point of -34.6°C, density of 3.214 g/l, specific gravity of 1.56 (-33.6°C), with a valence of 1, 3, 5, or 7.Chlorine is a member of the halogen group of elements and directly combines with almost all of the other elements. Chlorine is used in the production of a wide range of products including organic and inorganic chemicals, as well as in direct application for uses such as drinking water treatment. Key Areas Covered. Molecules containing chlorine have been responsible for ozone depletion. Chlorine uses and applications. It is essen-tial that all equipment, piping and valves be properly cleaned and dried for chlorine service before introducing any chlorine into the system. It has a pungent smell and inhaling it causes suffocation. Its symbol is Cl and it belongs to the group of halogens and its usual state in nature is gaseous. Chlorine exists as chlorides in seawater, salt lakes and brine deposits. What is Chloroform – Definition, Chemical Properties, Production, Uses 2. This means that two chlorine atoms join together to form Cl 2. Uses of Chlorine. Note: Chlorine was used during World War I as a choking or pulmonary agent. It acts as a reducing agent present in wastewater. Its physical state at room temperature is gas. Natural chlorine is a mixture of two stable isotopes: chlorine-35 (75.53 percent) and chlorine-37 (24.47 percent). Learn more about chlorine's use as a water purification product in swimming pools and use in many consumer products such as bleaches. Properties and Uses of Chlorine-Basic . It’s melting point is -101.5 ° C. Download PDF for free. These reactions are called chlorine demand. The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them. Chlorine Properties in Brief: Chlorine is a member of the halogen family of elements, which also has iodine, bromine, and fluorine to its credit.The atomic number of chlorine is 17 and its symbol is ‘Cl’. This means that in any naturally occurring sample of chlorine 75% of the atoms are Cl-35 atoms and 25% of the atoms are chlorine-37 atoms. The term ‘halogen’ means 'salt former'. Its density is 3.214 grams per cubic centimeter. chlorine gas uses and properties Description Chlorine gas is known as a greenish-yellow gas when it is at room temperature, weighs 2.5 times more air, and converts to a liquid state at -34 ° C. Group 7 elements form salts when they react with metals. 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